Abraham van Diepenbeeck

The Virgin and Child in triumph; a design for a print (?)

Abraham van Diepenbeeck was born in ‘s-Hertogenbosch in 1596. He was first taught by his father, Jan Roelofsz. van Diepenbeeck, who was a glass painter. Abraham was first recorded in 1622 as a glass painter in the Antwerp guild. He was further trained by a certain Abraham van Lamoen (a still life painter about whom we otherwise known little to nothing). It has been hotly debated whether or not he was also trained by Rubens; it is however certain that they collaborated on several projects. (For instance, the print for the title page of Torniello’s Annales Sacri was signed by Rubens as well as by van Diepenbeeck.) It would not be inaccurate to state that van Diepenbeeck was an assistant to Rubens of sorts. In 1636 he was registered as a poorter  – citizen – of Antwerp; in 1638 he became a member of the local Guild of St Luke.

In the 1620’s he was mainly active as a designer of prints for books, stained-glass windows and tapestries; it was only later on that he would focus on painting. Van Diepenbeeck travelled to Great Britain in 1629; in 1632 he went to Paris and Fontainebleau, on assignment for Rubens. His collaboration with Rubens however did not prevent him from undertaking independent projects as a painter and engraver as well. While in England during the reign of Charles I, for instance, he painted several portraits, including that of the 1st Duke of Newcastle; he also illustrated the latter’s book on horsemanship.

The present work, which was at some point in the 19th century attributed to Rubens, can be seen in the light of van Diepenbeeck’s production for the Plantin-Moretus publishing house, for which he regularly produced designs for prints and frontispieces. These projects were often overseen – and sometimes corrected – by Rubens. Our sheet, quickly and effortlessly executed in flowing lines in pen and ink and then worked over with brush and wash, clearly shows the influence of the latter’s style. Interestingly, the drawing is inscribed all over with various letters, which could indicate colours or could be intended as a legend of sorts.

Artist: Abraham van Diepenbeeck (s'-Hertogenbosch 1596 - 1675 Antwerpen)
Medium: pen and ink, brush and wash on laid paper
Dimensions: 73 x 70 mm; the lower right corner made up